Relationships among repeated sprint tests and aerobic fitness in adolescent tennis players

  • Igal Tsiprun Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya
  • Tamir Eisenstein Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya
  • Alon Eliakim Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya; Child Health and Sport Center, Pediatric Department, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University
  • Dan Nemet Child Health and Sport Center, Pediatric Department, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University
  • Yoav Meckel Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Netanya
Keywords: repeated sprint test, tennis, aerobic, fitness, anaerobic fitness

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the performance indices (ideal sprint time – IS, total sprint time – TS, and performance decrement – PD) of two repeated sprint test (RST) and to examine their relationships with the aerobic fitness of young tennis players. Fifteen young (age 14.7±1.0 yrs) tennis players performed three tests: an aerobic power test (20 m shuttle run), and two different RST protocols (12×20 m and 12×10 m runs). Peak heart rate was significantly higher in the 20 m protocol compared to the 10 m protocol while no significant difference was found in the PD of the two RST protocols. Significant positive correlations were found between the ISs and the TSs (r=0.946 and r=0.932, respectively), but not between the PDs of the two RST protocols. Significant negative correlations were found between TS and IS and aerobic fitness during the 10 m protocol (r=–0.594 and r=–0.595, respectively) and the 20 m protocol (r=–0.757 and r=–0.716, respectively), but not between PD and the aerobic fitness in both RST protocols. Both short and long RST protocols represent similar anaerobic capabilities. In addition, the aerobic energy system serves as a significant factor in both RST protocols. However, it seems that the involvement of the aerobic system is more significant in the long than in the short repetition RST protocol.
Published
2013-12-17
Section
Articles