KiVa kiusamisvastase programmi prooviuuring Eestis: kaheaastase klaster-randomiseeritud kontrollkatse tulemused

Kristiina Treial

Abstract


Kiusamine on Eesti koolides levinud ja ühiskondlikult kulukas probleem, mille tagajärjel kahjustub ohvrite vaimne ja sotsiaalne tervis, väheneb akadeemiline edukus ning suureneb koolist väljalangemise risk. Koolide ülesanne on kiusamist tõkestada. 2013. aastal käivitus Eestis KiVa programmi kohandamise ja katsetamise projekt, mille raames tehti kontrollkatse 20 katsekoolis ja 19 kontrollkoolis. Eesmärk oli kirjeldada kohandatava KiVa kiusamisvastase programmi mõju kaheaastase klaster-randomiseeritud kontrollkatse abil. Olweuse kiusaja/ohvri küsimustikule vastas õppeaasta alguses 5090, esimese õppeaasta lõpus 5814 ning teise õppeaasta lõpus 3993 1.–6. klassi õpilast. Uurimistulemustest selgus, et ühe õppeaasta jooksul vähenes KiVa koolides kiusamise ohvrite hulk oluliselt võrreldes nii baastaseme kui ka kontrollkoolide tasemega. Seevastu kiusajate hulga keskmised protsendid esimesel aastal oluliselt ei vähenenud.

 Summary


Keywords


koolikiusamine, kiusaja, ohver, tõenduspõhine kiusamisvastane programm, randomiseeritud kontrollkatse

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2016.4.2.08

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Journal DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12697/issn2346-562X

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