Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 2019-04-22T13:59:48+03:00 Andres Saag Open Journal Systems <p><em>Folia Cryptogamica Estonica</em> (FCE) is an international journal which welcomes papers on biodiversity, taxonomy and ecology of fungi, lichens, bryophytes and algae from contributors anywhere in the world. Submitted manuscripts must not be published before and not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts should be in English. All submissions are peer-reviewed.</p> New records of lichens and allied fungi from Lapponia petsamoënsis, Murmansk Region, Russia 2019-04-22T13:59:48+03:00 Gennadii Urbanavichus Irina Urbanavichene <p>Fourteen species of lichens, four lichenicolous and two non-lichenized calicioid fungi are reported for the first time from the biogeographic province Lapponia petsamoënsis (NW Murmansk Region, Russia); of these, <em>Buellia pulverea, Endococcus brachysporus</em> and <em>Micarea coppinsii</em> are reported for the first time for Russia, <em>Rosellinula haplospora</em> is new to European Russia, and <em>Aspicilia mashiginensis, Chaenothecopsis rubescens, C. vainioana, Lecidea sudetica, Micarea micrococca, Porpidia pachythallina, Protoparmelia atriseda</em> and <em>Psorotichia schaereri</em> are new to the Murmansk Region. Brief notes, mainly on habitats and distribution, are provided for all species listed.</p> 2018-05-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Desmid algae (Charophyta: Conjugatophyceae) of Ekaterinburg, Middle Urals, Russia 2019-04-22T13:59:47+03:00 Andrei S. Shakhmatov Evgeniy V. Pavlovskiy Alexander G. Paukov <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Species composition of desmid algae and their habitat preferences in water bodies of Ekaterinburg city were studied during the 2013–2017. Thirty-seven species and subspecific taxa which belong to 12 genera and 2 families were identified, of which 17 species are new for the eastern macroslope of the Middle Urals. Canonical correspondence analysis, which was performed to reveal habitat preferences, demonstrates that the majority of analyzed species prefer quarry lakes, ponds and overgrown lake shores, contrary to fens and rivers.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-05-29T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Perigrapha cetrariae, a new lichenicolous ascomycete on Cetraria from Japan 2019-04-22T13:59:46+03:00 Mikhail P. Zhurbenko Yoshihito Ohmura <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em>Perigrapha cetrariae</em> growing on <em>Cetraria laevigata</em> is described from Japan. The new species differs from the generic type in having loculi completely embedded in a stroma and ascospores without caudate appendages.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-05-31T15:11:13+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New and rare lichens and allied fungi from the Pskov Region, Russia 2019-04-22T13:59:45+03:00 Nina B. Istomina Olga V. Likhacheva Irina S. Stepanchikova Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova Dmitry E. Himelbrant <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Forty-one species of lichens and two lichenicolous fungi are reported from the Pskov Region. Of them, thirty-nine species are new for the region, including <em>Lempholemma dispansum</em> – a rare species with scattered distribution, previously recorded only once in the European Russia in the 19<sup>th</sup> century. The most important findings are confined to ancient limestone outcrops and old manor parks: these habitats are also promising for further investigations, taking in account high level of anthropogenic transformation of the Pskov Region.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-06-07T16:12:01+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Checklist of mosses of the Pasvik State Nature Reserve (Murmansk Region, Russia) 2019-04-22T13:59:44+03:00 Margarita A. Boychuk Eugene A. Borovichev <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The list of mosses of the Pasvik State Nature Reserve (Pasvik Reserve) consists of 197 species. Here we summarize all available data on the diversity of mosses of the Pasvik Reserve, including approximately 800 specimens collected by the authors. <em>Stereodon pallescens</em> and <em>Tayloria serrata</em> are in the Murmansk Region only known from the Pasvik Reserve. Seven species are red-listed in the Murmansk Region (<em>Bryum cyclophyllum, Buxbaumia aphylla, Encalypta streptocarpa, Psilopilum laevigatum, Tayloria serrata, Tayloria splachnoides</em> and <em>Tetrodontium repandum</em>). <em>Tetrodontium repandum</em> is included in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and <em>Tayloria splachnoides</em> is red-listed in Europe. The Pasvik Reserve gives a good possibility for the protection of rare mosses.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-06-11T13:55:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New and noteworthy records of lichens and allied fungi from Sakhalin Island, Russian Far East, II 2019-04-22T13:59:43+03:00 Alexander K. Ezhkin Felix Schumm <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em>Eopyrenula intermedia</em> is a new finding for Eurasia. <em>Fauriea orientochinensis</em> and <em>Hafellia subnexa</em> are reported for the first time for Russia, from Sakhalin Island. A further seventeen species are noteworthy for Sakhalin Island, including two species new to the Russian Far East and five species new to the southern part of the region.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-06-18T12:23:43+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Konevets Island (Leningrad Region, Russia) – a historical refuge of lichen diversity in Lake Ladoga 2019-04-22T13:59:42+03:00 Dmitry E. Himelbrant Irina S. Stepanchikova Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova Jurga Motiejūnaitė Ludmila A. Konoreva <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>We present an updated checklist for Konevets Island (Leningrad Region, Russia). The revealed lichen biota comprises 435 species, including 378 lichens, 46 lichenicolous fungi and 11 non-lichenized saprobic fungi, of which 31 species (27 lichens and 4 lichenicolous fungi) are known only from collections made by Veli Räsänen (1917, 1938). <em>Acremonium hypholomatis</em> is reported for the first time for Russia; <em>Caloplaca soralifera, Trapelia corticola,</em> and <em>Muellerella lichenicola</em> for Northwestern European Russia; and <em>Bacidia vermifera, Lecanora mughicola, Micarea contexta, Pyrenochaeta xanthoriae, Rhizocarpon disporum, Stigmidium squamariae</em> and <em>Xylographa difformis</em> for Leningrad Region. From lichenological point of view, the most valuable habitats of Konevets Island are old-growth spruce forests. The studied lichen biota is rich and diverse and exceptionally well-preserved in comparison to the mainland part of Karelian Isthmus. It definitely deserves protection.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-06-18T14:02:59+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Conservation management for forest fungi in Estonia: the case of polypores 2019-04-22T13:59:41+03:00 Asko Lõhmus Eike Vunk Kadri Runnel <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Conservation management for fungi has lagged behind animal and plant conservation, and remains largely restricted to protecting known locations of few conspicuous threatened species. We used Estonian polypores as an example of how conservation options can be systematically screened, based on the Red List of threatened species and in co-operation with practitioners. For a total of 61 species, we identified a broad range of management options representing diverse approaches (site protection; prescriptions of land use; protection of individuals; special management; protection via umbrella species). The results demonstrated the merits of systematic and multi-disciplinary assessments for fungal conservation and setting related research priorities. Our assessment also supported a theoretical expectation that some ecosystem conservation strategies should be explicitly designed based on functionally important groups of fungi. The advancement of fungal conservation appears largely dependent on co-operation between mycologists, conservationists and managers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><strong>Eesti metsade seenestiku looduskaitsevõtted torikseente näitel</strong><br> Seenestiku looduskaitseks kasutatav võttestik on märksa halvemini välja arendatud kui loomade ja taimede puhul ning hõlmab peamiselt silmatorkavate ohustatud liikide leiukohtade kaitset. Töös kirjeldatakse Eesti torikseente näitel, kuidas sobivaid looduskaitsevõtteid saab süstemaatiliselt valida – lähtuvalt ohustatud liikide nimestikust ja koostöös looduskaitsepraktikutega. Kokku eristati 61 ohustatud torikseeneliigi kaitseks lai valik võtteid, mis hõlmasid erinevaid võimalusi alade kaitseks, üldisi maakasutusjuhiseid, isendite kaitset, intensiivseid kaitsevõtteid ja kaitset teiste liikide (katusliikide) kaudu.Tulemused näitavad süstemaatilise ja multidistsiplinaarse analüüsi efektiivsust seente kaitse ja sellega seotud uuringute planeerimisel. Analüüs kinnitas ka teoreetilist, torikseente funktsionaalsest tähtsusest lähtuvat eeldust, et mõned ökosüsteemide kaitse võttestikud tuleks kujundada just seente ökoloogiast lähtuvalt. Seenestiku looduskaitse peamine edenemistingimus paistab niisiis olevat koostöö mükoloogide, looduskaitseteadlaste ja -praktikute vahel.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2018-07-31T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A lesson in urban mycology: Critically Endangered polypore Trametes suaveolens (Basidiomycota) re-discovered in Estonia 2019-04-22T13:59:40+03:00 Kadri Runnel Sulev Järve Asko Lõhmus <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The conspicuous, mostly willow-inhabiting polypore <em>Trametes suaveolens</em> is a threatened species in Northern Europe. In Estonia it is listed as Critically Endangered, and has not been found since 1984. We report an apparently viable population discovered in Central Tallinn, inhabiting old <em>Salix fragilis</em> and <em>S. alba</em> trees and stumps along ca. 1.5 km of the Baltic seashore. The host trees are prone to removal due to city development and park care reasons. We discuss potential conservation measures for sustaining this unique population in the urban conditions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><strong>Pajutagel (<em>Trametes suaveolens</em>) Eestis taasleitud</strong><br> Peamiselt remmelgatel silmatorkavaid viljakehi moodustav pajutagel (<em>Trametes suaveolens</em>) on Põhja-Euroopas ohustatud liik. Eestis on selle liigi seisund hinnatud kriitiliseks ja viimane dokumenteeritud leid pärineb 1984. aastast. Siinses artiklis kirjeldatakse Tallinnast avastatud populatsiooni, mis asustab u. 1,5 km mereäärsel lõigul rabeda remmelga (<em>Salix fragilis</em>) ja hõberemmelga (<em>S. alba</em>) vanu elus puid ja kände. See asurkond oli 2018. aastal küll elujõuline, kuid tema elupaika ohustavad linna arendustegevus ja pargihooldus. Artiklis esitatakse soovitusi nii pajutagla säilitamiseks Tallinnas kui ka üldiselt puitulagundavate ohustatud seeneliikide kaitseks linnatingimustes.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2018-07-31T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Revised Red Data List of Estonian bryophytes 2019-04-22T13:59:39+03:00 Nele Ingerpuu Kai Vellak Loore Ehrlich <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>All Estonian bryophyte species (597) that had written records up to 2018 were evaluated against IUCN criteria. More than half of the species belong to the least concern category, but almost one fourth (158) is evaluated as threatened, and one tenth (65) as near threatened. Eleven species are data deficient and 15 species are considered to be regionally extinct from Estonia. To achieve adequate assessment results for a small country, some criteria were adjusted. Changes compared to the previous red list and threats to the species are discussed.&nbsp;</p> <p>This version replaces the version of the same paper from 2018-08-14.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-09-03T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Contribution to the bryophyte flora of Svalbard: hepatics of Barents Island 2019-04-22T13:59:37+03:00 Nadezhda Konstantinova Anatoliy Savchenko <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The annotated list of hepatics of Barents Island (Svalbard archipelago) was compiled based on the collections by Savchenko, literature data and Arne Frisvoll’s collection in TRH. A total of 35 species, three subspecies and four varieties are recorded for Barents Island. Fifteen taxa are listed as new for Barents Island and four taxa are listed as new for Svalbard, including <em>Lophozia silvicola, Lophozia subapiculata, Preissia quadrata</em> subsp. <em>hyperborea</em> and <em>Lophoziopsis excisa</em> var. <em>elegans</em>. A new combination <em>Trilophozia quinquedentata</em> var. <em>turgida</em> is made. Annotations to the species include distribution, description of habitats, and some morphological characteristics of the studied specimens. Peculiarities of the hepatic flora of the island and the distribution in Svalbard are discussed.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-09-03T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New records of lichens and allied fungi from the Leningrad Region, Russia. IX 2019-04-22T13:59:36+03:00 Irina S. Stepanchikova Dmitry E. Himelbrant Jurga Motiejūnaitė Teuvo Ahti Ave Suija Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova Aleksandra V. Dyomina <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Eight species of lichens and seven lichenicolous fungi are reported for the first time for St. Petersburg, the whole Leningrad Region or its western or eastern parts. The lichen <em>Xylographa septentrionalis</em> is reported for the first time for Russia, Europe and Asia, the lichenicolous fungus <em>Skyttea gregaria</em> is new for Russia, the lichen <em>Xylographa pallens</em>, lichenicolous fungi <em>Didymellopsis collematum</em> and <em>Intralichen lichenicola</em> are new for the North-Western European Russia. The most interesting records are briefly discussed.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-09-14T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The lichen genus Xanthoparmelia (Parmeliaceae) in Belarus 2019-04-22T13:59:36+03:00 Andrei Tsurykau Vladimir Golubkov Pavel Bely <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Two hundred six specimens of <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> collected in Belarus in 1905–2017 were examined based on morphological and chemical characters. Six species (<em>X. angustiphylla, X. conspersa, X. delisei, X. loxodes, X. pulla</em> and <em>X. verruculifera</em>) were identified in this study. <em>Xanthoparmelia angustiphylla</em> and <em>X. delisei</em> are reported for Belarus for the first time. Presence of <em>Xanthoparmelia pokornyi</em> and <em>X. stenophylla</em> has not been confirmed, and therefore these species should be excluded from the Belarusian list of lichens. A key to the species of <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> in Belarus is provided.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-10-09T11:12:03+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diversity of lichens and allied fungi on Norway spruce (Picea abies) in the middle boreal forests of Republic of Karelia (Russia) 2019-04-22T13:59:34+03:00 Vera I. Androsova Viktoria N. Tarasova Vadim V. Gorshkov <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>A detailed study of lichen diversity and estimation of epiphytic lichen cover characteristics on spruce as a key ecosystem component was performed in boreal forests of Karelia (NW Russia). The aims of the present paper are: (1) to study lichen diversity on Norway spruce in the middle boreal forests of southern Karelia (NW Russia), and (2) to estimate the main characteristics of epiphytic lichen cover on spruce trunks and branches. In total, 158 species of lichens and allied fungi were found on spruce, including 108 species on trunks, 78 on branches and 55 on snags. Seventeen species are listed in the Red Data Book of Republic of Karelia. Ten species are new for the biogeographical province <em>Karelia transonegensis</em> and two for the province <em>Karelia onegensis</em>. Twenty-two species are considered old-growth forest indicators. The total epiphytic lichen cover on spruce trees averaged 59% at the trunk base, 12% at a height of 1.3 m above ground level and 61% on branches. Predominantly, only 12 species contributed to the lichen cover of trunk and branches. Despite the predominance of crustose lichens colonising spruce trees, the main epiphytic lichen cover both on trunks and branches was provided largely by foliose species (57% of the total cover). Due to a variety of morphological features, spruce provides diverse microhabitats, which leads to high lichen species richness with different ecological requirements. Spruce trees play a significant role in maintaining the diversity and conservation of rare species.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-10-19T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New Estonian records: Lichenized fungi 2019-04-22T13:59:33+03:00 Polina Degtjarenko Inga Jüriado Piret Lõhmus <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The lichenized fungi <em>Cetrelia monachorum</em>, <em>Pelti­gera castanea</em> and <em>P. occidentalis</em> are reported as new to Estonia after revision of herbarium samples; one further species, <em>Peltigera frippi</em> Holt.-Hartw., must be excluded from the list of Estonian lichens as a misidentification.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2018-11-01T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##