Folia Cryptogamica Estonica <p><em>Folia Cryptogamica Estonica</em> (FCE) is an international journal which welcomes papers on biodiversity, taxonomy and ecology of fungi, lichens, bryophytes and algae from contributors anywhere in the world. Submitted manuscripts must not be published before and not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts should be in English. All submissions are peer-reviewed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US (Polina Degtjarenko) (Ivo Volt) Tue, 20 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum (Bryophyta, Pottiaceae) confirmed in the moss flora of Poland, with a review of the nomenclatural issues associated with this species name <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Occurrence of <em>Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum</em> (Jur.) P.C.Chen in Poland is confirmed. The species is known from a single record from the Western Tatra Mountains in the Polish Western Carpathians. A description and illustrations of the Polish material of this species is provided and its distribution mapped. Taxonomic and nomenclatural comments on <em>B. alpigenum</em> are presented and its global geographical distribution is reviewed. This species was first recognised as a variety, <em>Didymodon rubellus</em> var. <em>dentatus</em> Schimp., in 1860 by W. P. Schimper. It was subsequently described in 1882 by J. Juratzka as <em>Didymodon alpigenus</em> Jur., and its name should be ascribed to Juratzka alone, not to Venturi as suggested in Index muscorum and <em>D. alpigenus</em> Jur. is the basionym of <em>Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum</em>. The epithet <em>alpigenus</em> appeared in the literature for the first time as <em>Trichostomum alpigenum</em> Venturi in Pfeffer’s work of 1869 dealing with the mosses of the Rhaetian Alps, but the name was not validly published under Art. 36.1, because Pfeffer did not accept it. Likewise, the name <em>Didymodon alpigenus</em> was not validly published by Venturi ten years later under Art. 38.1, because no description or diagnosis or a reference to a previously and effectively published description or diagnosis were provided. The current statistics of the moss flora of Poland is given. Since the publication of the catalogue of Polish mosses in 2003, some 17 species, one subspecies and three varieties of moss have been added to and two species were excluded from the moss flora of Poland, so currently some 715 species, nine subspecies and 90 varieties are known to occur in the country.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ryszard Ochyra Copyright (c) 2020 Folia Cryptogamica Estonica Tue, 20 Oct 2020 13:32:29 +0300 New and noteworthy lichenicolous and bryophylous fungi from the Ukrainian Carpathians <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Nine species, <em>Acremonium rhabdosporum, Arthonia digitatae, Bryocentria metzgeriae, Diplolaeviopsis</em> cf. <em>symmictae, Skyttea gregaria, Rhymbocarpus pubescens, Stromatopogon cladoniae, Tremella cetrariicola</em> and <em>Xenonectriella subimperspicua</em>, are newly reported for Ukraine. <em>Sphinctrina anglica</em> is recollected for the first time since 1955. <em>Parmelia saxatilis</em> and <em>Parmelina pastillifera</em> are new host species for <em>X. subimperspicua</em>.</p> </div> </div> </div> Valeriy Darmostuk, Alexander Khodosovtsev, Jan Vondrak, Olha Sira Copyright (c) Wed, 16 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Two new Bacidina species (Lecanorales, Ascomycota) from Pakistan <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em>Bacidina margallensis</em> and <em>B. iqbalii</em> from Pakistan are described and illustrated. Phylogeny of ITS nrDNA region confirms their position within the genus <em>Bacidina</em>, and morphological data make them distinct from other known species of the genus. Based on molecular data, corticolous <em>Bacidina margallensis</em> appears to be a sister species to <em>B. chloroticula</em>, but morphologically, when dry, is the most similar to known from Europe <em>B. mendax</em> because of the granular and warted greenish grey thallus, whitish-cream to dark brown and often piebald apothecia. It differs from that species by shorter, wider and less septate ascospores; 1–3-septate in <em>B. margallensis</em> vs 3–5(6)-septate in <em>B. mendax</em>, and by unusual parrot-green colour of wet thallus. Saxicolous <em>Bacidina iqbalii</em> is closely related to <em>B. neosquamulosa</em> but differs in having crustaceous thallus, transculent when wet entirely pale apothecia, larger asci and less septate large ascospores.</p> </div> </div> </div> Maham Fatima, Kamran Habib, Paweł Czarnota, Abdul Nasir Khalid Copyright (c) Thu, 17 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0200 New records of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Murmansk Region, Russia <p>As a contribution to the lichen flora of the Murmansk Region, eight taxa of lichens and lichenicolous fungi collected from the biogeographic province Kuusamo, are reported for the first time, including two species new to Russia: <em>Roselliniella nephromatis</em> and <em>Scytinium aquale</em>. <em>Arthonia granitophila</em> is new to European Russia, and <em>Sclerophora amabilis</em> – for North European Russia. Comments on habitats, substrates, key anatomical features and distribution of new records are provided.</p> Gennadii Urbanavichus, Irina Urbanavichene Copyright (c) Tue, 30 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Parmelia barrenoae and P. pinnatifida, two lichen species new to some European countries and Turkey <p>The first records of <em>Parmelia</em> <em>barrenoae</em> from Hungary, Slovakia and Sweden and <em>P</em>. <em>pinnatifida</em> from Denmark, Estonia and Turkey are presented.</p> Emilia A. Ossowska Copyright (c) Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Noteworthy lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Russia <p>Notes are presented on seven species of lichenicolous, non-lichenized and lichenized fungi found in the Asian part of Russia. <em>Endococcus pseudocarpus</em> is reported for the first time for Northern Asia as well as for the Irkutsk Region of Russia. <em>Plectocarpon hypogymniae</em> and <em>P. nephromeum</em> are reported new to the Irkutsk Region, <em>Taeniolella diploschistis</em> new to the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), <em>Steinia</em> <em>geophana</em> new to Chukotka Autonomous Area, and <em>Epigloea soleiformis</em> new to the north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory of Russia. <em>Hypogymnia physodes</em> is reported as a new host species for <em>Plectocarpon hypogymniae</em>.</p> Mikhail P. Zhurbenko Copyright (c) Tue, 25 May 2021 00:00:00 +0300 New records of lichens and allied fungi from the Leningrad Region, Russia. XI <p>Twelve lichen species and two lichenicolous fungi, of them seven that belong to <em>Micarea prasina</em> group, are reported for the first time for St. Petersburg or the whole Leningrad Region. The lichenicolous fungus <em>Intralichen baccisporus</em> is new to Russia, and the lichen <em>Micarea nowakii</em> – for European Russia. A comparative table of characteristics for seven species of <em>Micarea prasina</em> group is presented.</p> Dmitry E. Himelbrant, Irina S. Stepanchikova, Sergey V. Chesnokov, Liudmila A. Konoreva, Agata A. Rodionova, Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova, Ulf Schiefelbein Copyright (c) Thu, 17 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Two new synonyms of Pertusaria coccodes (Pertusariales, Ascomycota) <p><em>Pertusaria atropallida </em>and<em> P. uralensis</em> are found to represent synonyms of the lichenized fungus <em>P. coccodes</em>. Lectotypes are selected for <em>P. atropallida </em>and <em>P. uralensis</em>.</p> Magdalena Oset Copyright (c) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 First records of Sticta weigelii s.str. from Bolivia confirmed by molecular data <p>The first records of <em>Sticta weigelii</em> s.str. from Bolivia confirmed by molecular data are presented. The species is characterized by the presence of marginal isidia, which are darker than the thallus, usually cylindrical (not flattened), thin, dark brown to black lower tomentum and often partly yellow cyphellae. Previously, the presence of <em>S</em>. <em>weigelii</em> in Bolivia was based only on a morphological concept, encompassing various unrelated species, whereas the occurrence of <em>S. weigelii</em> s.str. was uncertain.</p> Emilia A. Ossowska Copyright (c) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 The lichens of Pukhtolova Gora (St. Petersburg, Russia) <p>The lichen diversity of the proposed protected area Pukhtolova Gora counts 252 species, including 232 lichenized, 12 lichenicolous, and 8 non-lichenized saprobic fungi. <em>Micarea laeta</em>, <em>M. pusilla</em>, and<em> Pyrenidium actinellum</em> s. lat. are new to North-Western European Russia; <em>Parmelia serrana</em>, <em>Rhizocarpon</em> <em>cinereovirens</em>, and <em>Stereocaulon</em> <em>taeniarum</em> are new to St. Petersburg. Altogether 13 species recorded in the study area are red-listed in St. Petersburg, with two of them known only from historical collections. Pukhtolova Gora is an area with a high conservation value; the lichen biota of this area is one of the richest within the city limits due to the well-preserved forest habitats.</p> Irina S Stepanchikova, Dmitry E. Himelbrant, Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova, Sergey V. Chesnokov, Liudmila A. Konoreva, Viktoria V. Pankova Copyright (c) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Placolecis kashmirensis sp. nov. (Lichenized Ascomycota, Catillariaceae) from Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan <p><em>Placolecis kashmirensis </em>sp. nov. is described from Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. It is characterized by a yellowish-brown thallus, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid ascospores, a relatively taller hymenium and pear-shaped pycnidia. The generic position is confirmed by a phylogenetic analysis based on nrITS sequences. Description, a phylogenetic tree, and identification key for all the known <em>Placolecis</em> species are provided.</p> Robina Kousar, Rizwana Zulfiqar, Abdul Nasir Khalid Copyright (c) Tue, 13 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Additions to the Estonian Bryoflora 2019-2021: Liverworts and Mosses <p>Six species and one subspecies new for Estonia have been found during recent fieldworks. In addition, three varieties from our bryoflora are now accepted as species and so the number of species in Estonian bryoflora is currently 611. Voucher specimens are selected for all new species reported here. Most of the species are included preliminarily into category Data Deficient (DD) according to IUCN structure. Besides this, updated proposals for threat categories are given for four noteworthy bryophytes, which localities were inspected in 2019-2020. Estonian names are given to all new species.</p> Kai Vellak, Loore Ehrlich, Mare Leis, Tiiu Kupper, Leiti Kannukene, Nele Ingerpuu Copyright (c) Tue, 20 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Crocodia Link. (Peltigeraceae, Lobarioideae) in northern Argentinean rainforests <p>A revision of the lichen genus <em>Crocodia </em>Link. in northern Argentinean rainforests is presented. Three species were identified for the region: <em>C. arvidssonii</em> (D.J. Galloway) D.J. Galloway &amp; Elix, <em>C. aurata</em> (Ach.) Link., and<em> C. clathrata </em>(De Not.) Trevis<em>.</em> The distribution range known for these species is extended: <em>C. arvidssonii </em>is recorded for the first time for the country; <em>C. aurata </em>for Corrientes, Misiones, and Salta provinces; and <em>C. clathrata </em>for Corrientes and Jujuy provinces. The morphology of each species is described and illustrated. A distribution map and a key to known species of the genus are also presented.</p> Mariá Pía Rodríguez , Andrea Michlig Copyright (c) Tue, 20 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0300 The mycological collection of G. C. Girgensohn from the middle of the 19th century <p>Since 1844, vouchers of mycological specimens collected from the territory of the historic Baltic provinces of the Russian Empire have been preserved in Estonian natural history collections. A pedagogue and an amateur bryologist, Gustav Carl Girgensohn (1786–1872) compiled a collection of 109 specimens of fungi and myxomycetes sampled from the Livonian Governorate, mostly from the vicinity of Tartu, in years 1844–1859. Girgensohn’s collection, which is kept in the fungarium of the Estonian University of Life Sciences, is introduced here for the first time. Among his specimens there are two notable ascomycetes—coprophilous <em>Poronia punctata</em> (Xylariaceae, Sordariomycetes), recently evaluated in Estonia as Critically Endangered according to IUCN criteria, and <em>Microstoma protractum</em> (Sarcoscyphaceae, Pezizomycetes), recently evaluated as Endangered. The collection’s eleven quite well-preserved specimens of myxomycetes represent six species, the least common of which is <em>Diderma radiatum</em>. In addition, the article introduces nine lichen specimens and one fungal specimen from Girgensohn’s bryophyte collection at the Natural History Museum of the University of Tartu. The most remarkable species among this collection is <em>Lobaria pulmonaria </em>(Lobariaceae, Lecanoromycetes), red-listed and protected in many countries.</p> Kadri Pärtel, Ave Suija, Iryna Yatsiuk Copyright (c) Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 New and rare lichens and allied fungi from Arkhangelsk Region, North-West Russia. II <p>Information about 38 species of lichens is presented. In total, 18 species are newly recorded for Arkhangelsk Region, 11 species are new for its mainland area. New localities for 9 rare species are presented. <em>Thalloidima physaroides</em> is new for the territory of Northwest Russia. The species<em> Sclerophora peronella</em> is reported for the second time in the whole territory of Russia, <em>Calicium pinicola </em><em>– </em>in European Russia and<em> Rhizocarpon simillimum</em> – in Northwest Russia. For <em>Vezdaea rheocarpa</em> and <em>Pilophorus robustus</em> the westernmost localities in Russia are reported. The new localities of 9 species included in the Red Data Book of Arkhangelsk Region are presented. Six species are added to the list of lichens of Vodlozersky National Park.</p> Viktoria N. Tarasova, Vera I. Androsova, Angella V. Sonina Copyright (c) Wed, 01 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Lichens and allied fungi from the Gauja National Park (Latvia), including new records for the country <p>In summer and autumn 2020, a lichenological inventory took place in the Gauja National Park (Latvia, Northern Europe). In total, 60 species of lichenized fungi, six non-lichenized saprophytic fungi and three non-lichenized fungi are reported as new for Gauja National Park. Among them, ten species are new to Latvia. Data on habitats, substrates, main characteristics and distribution in the neighbouring countries to Latvia are provided. The total number of lichenized and closely related fungi for the Gauja National Park is 346.</p> Alexander Yatsyna, Rolands Moisejevs, Polina Degtjarenko Copyright (c) Wed, 08 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 The lichens and allied fungi of the southern part of the Kenozersky National Park (Arkhangelsk Region, NW Russia) <p>The paper presents the first data on lichen diversity in the Kenozersky National Park (Arkhangelsk Region, Northwest Russia). As a result of the study, 263 species and 1 subspecies of lichens and allied fungi were found in the southern part of the national park. Seventeen lichen species are reported for the first time for Arkhangelsk Region. <em>Biatora albidula </em>is a new species for Northwest European Russia. Two recorded species are included in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation and 7 in the Red Data Book of Arkhangelsk Region. <em>P</em><em>ycnothelia papillaria</em> can be recommended for inclusion to the Red Data Book of Arkhangelsk Region.</p> Aleksey V. Pchelkin, Viktoria N. Tarasova, Andrei A. Valekzhanin Copyright (c) Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Can lichen secondary compounds impact upon the pathogenic soil fungi Fusarium oxysporum and F. avenaceum? <p>The antifungal activity of secondary lichen metabolites extracted by means of acetone and ethanol from <em>Cetraria islandica</em>, <em>Cladonia mitis</em>, <em>C. rangiferina</em>, <em>Pseudevernia furfuracea</em> and <em>Usnea dasopoga</em> on the pathogenic fungi <em>Fusarium oxysporum</em> and <em>F. avenacuem</em> was examined. The activity of extracted compounds was tested after their mixture with PDA medium before solidification. The most active extracts inhibiting the growth of fungal mycelia contained fumarprotocetraric, salazinic and usnic acids, and atranorin. Unparalleled activity was demonstrated by an ethanol extract from mixed <em>C. islandica</em> and <em>P. furfuracea</em> thalli, which accelerated the growth of <em>F. avenaceum</em> compared with the control test with ethanol. The growth rate of the two <em>Fusarium</em> representatives was strongly inhibited by both alcoholic extracts from <em>C. mitis</em> and from <em>C. rangiferina</em>, more strongly than by the extracts from the mixed thalli of the two terricolous taxa. A dose of 1 ml of acetone added to the medium had no significant effect on the growth of the tested fungi; it indicates usefulness of acetone as a solvent for some lichen compounds in this type of experiment.</p> Agata Tekiela, Łukasz Furmanek, Magdalena Andrusiewicz, Grzegorz Bara, Mark R. D. Seaward, Ireneusz Kapusta, Paweł Czarnota Copyright (c) Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 Lobaria pulmonaria (L.) Hoffm. in the southwestern Baltic – Kattegat area <p>The past and present distribution of <em>Lobaria pulmonaria</em> in Denmark, northern Germany, northwestern Poland and nemoral parts of Skåne, Blekinge, southwesternmost Småland and southern Öland (Sweden) has been studied. Of 124 localities visited between 2015 and 2018, <em>L. pulmonaria</em> was confirmed at 64 sites, at each of which its habitat ecology and viability were investigated. It is almost extinct in Schleswig-Holstein, in southern Jutland, on the Danish Islands, in southwestern Skåne, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and in the western part of Pomerania. It has disappeared almost completely from areas where mesophytic forests form the potential natural vegetation. The commonest habitats for <em>L. pulmonaria</em> are species-poor acidic beech and species-poor oak forests, and the commonest substrates are trunks of beech, followed by oak. <em>L. pulmonaria</em> specimens on about two thirds of the colonized trees were in a healthy condition. The situation is worst in Schleswig-Holstein and on the Danish Islands, but best in Blekinge and central and northern Jutland. Recent distribution seems to be influenced by both anthropogenic (e.g. air pollution by sulphur dioxide and nitrogen and forestry practices) and natural factors (precipitation, temperature, air humidity), as well as unnatural climatic factors (global warming).</p> Ulf Schiefelbein, Terkel Arnfred, Christian Dolnik, Patrick Neumann, Emilia Ossowska, Roar Poulsen, Ulrik Søchting, Arne Thell Copyright (c) Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0300 New assessment of Least Concern lichens in the Red List of Estonia: are common species still common? <p>The threat status of 161 lichenized species that were considered common in Estonia was assessed in 2021. For most of these species, it was the second Red List assessment using the IUCN system (the first such evaluation was performed in 2008). The main data sources for species occurrence were the records reported in 100 study sites located throughout the country during 2020, and the PlutoF biodiversity database. 125 species remained, according to the new assessment, in the category Least Concern (LC) and their populations are not under threat in Estonia at present. Two species were placed in the category Not Applicable (NA) because of systematic revisions while 33 species were assigned to the categories Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU) or Near Threatened (NT); one further species received the status Data Deficient (DD). Thus, the threat status has changed for 22% of the studied species that had generally been considered common in Estonia. The reasons for this change are variable but there is clear evidence that 26 species have become more threatened during last 12 years.</p> Tiina Randlane, Inga Jüriado, Polina Degtjarenko , Andres Saag Copyright (c) Fri, 08 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0300