Sports anthropological and somatotypical comparison between male wrestlers and hapkidoin of different performance levels

Christoph Raschka, Jasmin Müller

Abstract


The present study compares the anthropometry and somatotyping of n = 40 healthy male wrestlers (age range 15–37 years) and n = 40 Hapkidoin (age range 23–29 years) with respect to various performance categories.

On average, the mean age of wrestlers was lower, compared to hapkidoin. The wrestlers of both performance classes are considerably smaller (mean height 170 cm) than the hapkidoin (high performance class 176.5 cm, lower performance class 180 cm). When comparing the weight classes of the wrestlers, the average body height increases continuously with increasing weight class in conjunction with most other anthropometric parameters.

In the chessboard pattern graphic to Conrad, the hapkidoin appear rather moderately pyknomorphic as well as slender, the wrestlers are moderately leptomorphic and metrosome as well as smaller.

In Parnell’s somatochart, the wrestlers have an average somatotype of 5 – 3 – 3, the hapkidoin of 5 – 3 – 4. In the somatochart of Heath & Carter, an average somatotype of 6 – 3 – 2 is shown for both combat sport collectives, whereby the wrestlers tend to the endomorphic axis.


Keywords


sports anthropology; comparison; Hapkido; wrestling; male athletes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/poa.2017.26.1.04

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ISSN 1406-0140 (print)
ISSN 1736-7646 (online)
Journal DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12697/issn1406-0140