Public environmental impact assessment in planning process of the near-shore wind power farms in Estonia. Avalikkuse osalemine keskkonnamõju hindamise ja planeerimisprotsessis rannikumere tuuleparkide näitel Eestis

Karin Lindroos

Abstract


This paper examines the nature and opportunities of public participation in the environmental impact assessment (EIA) and planning processes in the context of massive expansion of near-shore wind power farms within the next decade in Estonia. The establishment of new wind farms has aroused opposition of the local population as in many other countries. In the present case, we focus on the wind park planned in the sea between Hiiumaa and Saaremaa (Soela Strait), in respect to which we conducted a case study of stakeholders in spring-summer 2014. Purpose of the research is to understand and assess the development of the surroundings in which people live and transformation in connection with the wind park planning, and institutional and individual attitudes and strategies in the processes of informing, involvement, participation and decision-making. The analysis of attitudes is based on social impact assessment: aesthetical, socio-economic and cultural tendencies

Keywords


Environmental policy; Energy policy; Regional and local government policy; Environmental impact assessment (EIA); Social impact assessment; Aarhus convention; Public participation; Off-shore wind power

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15157/tpep.v24i1.12986



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