Estland im Sog der Russischen Volkswirtschaft? Estonia Being Caught Up in Russian Turmoil?
AbstractAgainst the backdrop of the Ukraine crisis and Russia’s economic problems, the authors pose the question to what extent the Estonian economy still relies on foreign trade with Russia and which costs Estonia might bear in the course of an aggravation of the lingering East-West conflict. Estonian trade relations with Russia as well as Estonia’s integration in the European and global division of labor are analyzed by a gravity model which also incorporates the trade foreign trade of the Baltic neighbors Latvia and Lithuania as benchmark countries. The authors find that even before the crisis Estonia’s trade with Russia lost weight and the dependency on Russian export and import markets diminished. By an in-depth analysis of Estonia’ sectoral trade patterns these findings were confirmed for the majority of industries. Only in the case of the Estonian milk industry the authors observe significant effects of Russian sanctions. In contrast to this particular case, Estonia becomes increasingly independent from imports of Russian natural gas which in the past made the country vulnerable to political blackmail. The authors conclude that regional and sectoral diversification of Estonian trade patterns induced by the current crisis will help the country to improve its international competitiveness and its economic integration into world markets.
How to Cite
Laaser, C.-F., & Schrader, K. (2016). Estland im Sog der Russischen Volkswirtschaft? Estonia Being Caught Up in Russian Turmoil?. Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy, 24(2). https://doi.org/10.15157/tpep.v24i2.13101
EL väikeriigi väliskaubanduslikud ja rahanduslikud probleemid. Handels- und Monetäre Probleme eines kleinen EU-Mitglieds
Copyright (c) 2016 Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.The publication Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy uses the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. With the delivery of a paper, the author grants to the Board also the right to publish the paper in the journal. The journal has set no obstacles or prohibitions to the authors for the future, and according to the current practice, authors subsequently use their paper as they consider it appropriate. Authors are personally responsible for the content, correct spelling and formatting of their publications.