Estonian Innovation Policy Activity against the Background of the EU Member States
Keywords: innovation policy, economic development, the structure of the activities of the public sector in promoting innovation, European comparison, the position of Estonia
AbstractInnovation policy is essential to guarantee a country’s development and the continuous enhancement of its innovation performance. The aim of this paper is to empirically analyse the position of Estonia in different innovation policy areas compared to other European countries. Seventeen different variables that characterise the activities of the public sector in promoting innovation are used in a principal component analysis to reveal the structure of public sector activities in promoting innovation. The principal component analysis reveals that the activities of the public sector in promoting innovation can be characterised using six components. Analysis of Estonia’s position in these policy areas shows that in comparison with other European countries, the extent to which the public sector in Estonia enhances the overall framework for innovation is above the European average and R&D in the higher education sector is also above average. But R&D in the government sector in Estonia is in a weak state; only a small proportion of innovative enterprises in Estonia receive financial support for innovation from the public sector (including support from the EU), and universities and public sector agencies in Estonia only cooperate with firms in innovation activities to a small degree.
How to Cite
Reiljan, J., & Paltser, I. (1). Estonian Innovation Policy Activity against the Background of the EU Member States. Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.15157/tpep.v20i1.779
Articles. Artikeln. Artiklid
Copyright (c) 2016 Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.The publication Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy uses the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. With the delivery of a paper, the author grants to the Board also the right to publish the paper in the journal. The journal has set no obstacles or prohibitions to the authors for the future, and according to the current practice, authors subsequently use their paper as they consider it appropriate. Authors are personally responsible for the content, correct spelling and formatting of their publications.