Problems and opportunities of the public organisation of passenger transport on the example of bus transport in Estonia. Reisijateveo riikliku korralduse probleemid ja võimalused Eesti bussitranspordi näitel
Keywords: Bus transport, transport policy, regulation public transport, county lines, commercial lines, market regulation, universal service, state subsidies to bus lines
AbstractThe purpose of the article is to show the need and opportunities for the public organisation of bus transport in Estonia. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to investigate Estonian and international experience in the organisation of passenger transport, its theoretical background and the resulting special measures. If we look at a specific transport service, the exclusion of the consumption thereof for a non-payer is no problem either in principle or technically. Here, public goods and market failure are not as much related to a specific transport service, but to the general availability thereof to the majority of the population. This is exactly the circumstance that the market may not necessarily guarantee. Here, the economic policy theory offers two solutions, which application in Estonian case are analysed in this article: 1) the cross-subsidisation of some lines at the expense of others, which, of course, presumes the prevention of the so-called price skimming with the establishment of regional monopolies and granting of special rights for them; 2) if cross-subsidisation cannot ensure a wide enough access to passenger transport, subsidisation must be added
How to Cite
Sepp, J., & Tomson, E. (1). Problems and opportunities of the public organisation of passenger transport on the example of bus transport in Estonia. Reisijateveo riikliku korralduse probleemid ja võimalused Eesti bussitranspordi näitel. Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy, 18. https://doi.org/10.15157/tpep.v18i0.893
Articles. Artikeln. Artiklid
Copyright (c) 2016 Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.The publication Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy uses the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. With the delivery of a paper, the author grants to the Board also the right to publish the paper in the journal. The journal has set no obstacles or prohibitions to the authors for the future, and according to the current practice, authors subsequently use their paper as they consider it appropriate. Authors are personally responsible for the content, correct spelling and formatting of their publications.