DEVELOPMENTS IN APPROACHES TO HERITAGE IN ESTONIA: MONUMENTS, VALUES, AND PEOPLE

  • Kurmo Konsa
Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Heritage Management, History of Heritage Management, Object-Based Heritage Management, Peoples-based Heritage Management, Values-based Heritage Management

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to look at the ways in which heritage is
approached, based on the conceptual framework of critical inheritance
research. In case of approaches to inheritance, I distinguish between
object-based, value-based, and people-centered approaches –
depending on which aspects of the heritage are at the heart of the
inheritance management process. I use different case studies from
the Estonian context as examples. I am particularly interested in the
changes in heritage management in the time frame of the 1970s and
1980s to the present day.
In order to describe object-based heritage management, I will
use Kalvi Aluve’s book “The story about architectural monuments”
(1983). It is a popular work targeted for the general public, which is
why many of the views and concepts that are obviously used on a
daily basis by those involved in the matter and have often become
an invisible part of the work culture, are explained in detail and
defined. Value-based inheritance management sets at the heart of
heritage the values attributed to heritage by the various stakeholders
in society. While in object-based heritage management people act as
groups against the backdrop of monuments, this approach shifts the
values that people attach to heritage objects and heritage phenomena
to the forefront.

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Author Biography

Kurmo Konsa

Kurmo Konsa (b. 1965) is an Associate Professor at the Department
of Archival Studies at the University of Tartu, and Professor of
Conservation at Pallas University of Applied Sciences. He has an
MSc in microbiology from the University of Tartu, and an MA in
Book Science from Tallinn University. Kurmo Konsa holds a PhD
in Informational Science from Tallinn University. His PhD thesis
focuses on the preservation of written heritage and conservation
surveys issues. In the past he has worked at the University of Tartu
Library as a paper conservator and at the Estonian Postal Museum
as Conservator and Curator of Collections.

Published
2019-12-30