'Indeed,''Really,''In Fact,''Actually'

  • Gerald Vision Temple University
Keywords: deflationary theories of truth, truth, deflationism


Interjections, such as those in the title, together with a few similar devices, when qualifying clauses expressing truth-conditions, or that such conditions have been satisfied, are entitled 'force-amplifiers'. Disputes between deflationary and inflationary truth-theories sometimes are assumed to turn on the supposed pivotal role that these devices are construed as playing in the interpretation of the clauses they qualify. I argue that they are not dispensable add-ons. Moreover, even in their absence the relevant clauses giving truth-conditions permit interpretations that are not deflationary-friendly. I maintain that this is a significant fact about the use to which writers put them. I then defend, a thesis about force-amplifiers that makes them indispensable to the interpretation of the relevant clauses, and that renders certain moves unavailable to popular deflationist treatments.

Author Biography

Gerald Vision, Temple University
Philosophy Department Temple University Professor
How to Cite
Vision, G. (2008). ’Indeed,’’Really,’’In Fact,’’Actually’. Studia Philosophica Estonica, 43-75. https://doi.org/10.12697/spe.2008.1.1.03