Folia Cryptogamica Estonica <p><em>Folia Cryptogamica Estonica</em> (FCE) is an international journal which welcomes papers on biodiversity, taxonomy and ecology of fungi, lichens, bryophytes and algae from contributors anywhere in the world. Submitted manuscripts must not be published before and not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. All manuscripts should be in English. All submissions are peer-reviewed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> University of Tartu Press en-US Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 1406-2070 Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum (Bryophyta, Pottiaceae) confirmed in the moss flora of Poland, with a review of the nomenclatural issues associated with this species name <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Occurrence of <em>Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum</em> (Jur.) P.C.Chen in Poland is confirmed. The species is known from a single record from the Western Tatra Mountains in the Polish Western Carpathians. A description and illustrations of the Polish material of this species is provided and its distribution mapped. Taxonomic and nomenclatural comments on <em>B. alpigenum</em> are presented and its global geographical distribution is reviewed. This species was first recognised as a variety, <em>Didymodon rubellus</em> var. <em>dentatus</em> Schimp., in 1860 by W. P. Schimper. It was subsequently described in 1882 by J. Juratzka as <em>Didymodon alpigenus</em> Jur., and its name should be ascribed to Juratzka alone, not to Venturi as suggested in Index muscorum and <em>D. alpigenus</em> Jur. is the basionym of <em>Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum</em>. The epithet <em>alpigenus</em> appeared in the literature for the first time as <em>Trichostomum alpigenum</em> Venturi in Pfeffer’s work of 1869 dealing with the mosses of the Rhaetian Alps, but the name was not validly published under Art. 36.1, because Pfeffer did not accept it. Likewise, the name <em>Didymodon alpigenus</em> was not validly published by Venturi ten years later under Art. 38.1, because no description or diagnosis or a reference to a previously and effectively published description or diagnosis were provided. The current statistics of the moss flora of Poland is given. Since the publication of the catalogue of Polish mosses in 2003, some 17 species, one subspecies and three varieties of moss have been added to and two species were excluded from the moss flora of Poland, so currently some 715 species, nine subspecies and 90 varieties are known to occur in the country.</p> </div> </div> </div> Ryszard Ochyra Copyright (c) 2020 Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 58 1 17 10.12697/fce.2020.58.01 New and noteworthy lichenicolous and bryophylous fungi from the Ukrainian Carpathians <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Nine species, <em>Acremonium rhabdosporum, Arthonia digitatae, Bryocentria metzgeriae, Diplolaeviopsis</em> cf. <em>symmictae, Skyttea gregaria, Rhymbocarpus pubescens, Stromatopogon cladoniae, Tremella cetrariicola</em> and <em>Xenonectriella subimperspicua</em>, are newly reported for Ukraine. <em>Sphinctrina anglica</em> is recollected for the first time since 1955. <em>Parmelia saxatilis</em> and <em>Parmelina pastillifera</em> are new host species for <em>X. subimperspicua</em>.</p> </div> </div> </div> Valeriy Darmostuk Alexander Khodosovtsev Jan Vondrak Olha Sira Copyright (c) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 58 19 24 10.12697/fce.2020.58.02 Two new Bacidina species (Lecanorales, Ascomycota) from Pakistan <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p><em>Bacidina margallensis</em> and <em>B. iqbalii</em> from Pakistan are described and illustrated. Phylogeny of ITS nrDNA region confirms their position within the genus <em>Bacidina</em>, and morphological data make them distinct from other known species of the genus. Based on molecular data, corticolous <em>Bacidina margallensis</em> appears to be a sister species to <em>B. chloroticula</em>, but morphologically, when dry, is the most similar to known from Europe <em>B. mendax</em> because of the granular and warted greenish grey thallus, whitish-cream to dark brown and often piebald apothecia. It differs from that species by shorter, wider and less septate ascospores; 1–3-septate in <em>B. margallensis</em> vs 3–5(6)-septate in <em>B. mendax</em>, and by unusual parrot-green colour of wet thallus. Saxicolous <em>Bacidina iqbalii</em> is closely related to <em>B. neosquamulosa</em> but differs in having crustaceous thallus, transculent when wet entirely pale apothecia, larger asci and less septate large ascospores.</p> </div> </div> </div> Maham Fatima Kamran Habib Paweł Czarnota Abdul Nasir Khalid Copyright (c) 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 58 25 34 10.12697/fce.2020.58.03 New records of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Murmansk Region, Russia <p>As a contribution to the lichen flora of the Murmansk Region, eight taxa of lichens and lichenicolous fungi collected from the biogeographic province Kuusamo, are reported for the first time, including two species new to Russia: <em>Roselliniella nephromatis</em> and <em>Scytinium aquale</em>. <em>Arthonia granitophila</em> is new to European Russia, and <em>Sclerophora amabilis</em> – for North European Russia. Comments on habitats, substrates, key anatomical features and distribution of new records are provided.</p> Gennadii Urbanavichus Irina Urbanavichene Copyright (c) 2021-03-30 2021-03-30 58 XX XX Parmelia barrenoae and P. pinnatifida, two lichen species new to some European countries and Turkey <p>The first records of <em>Parmelia</em> <em>barrenoae</em> from Hungary, Slovakia and Sweden and <em>P</em>. <em>pinnatifida</em> from Denmark, Estonia and Turkey are presented.</p> Emilia A. Ossowska Copyright (c) 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 58 XX XX Noteworthy lichenicolous fungi and lichens from Russia <p>Notes are presented on seven species of lichenicolous, non-lichenized and lichenized fungi found in the Asian part of Russia. <em>Endococcus pseudocarpus</em> is reported for the first time for Northern Asia as well as for the Irkutsk Region of Russia. <em>Plectocarpon hypogymniae</em> and <em>P. nephromeum</em> are reported new to the Irkutsk Region, <em>Taeniolella diploschistis</em> new to the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), <em>Steinia</em> <em>geophana</em> new to Chukotka Autonomous Area, and <em>Epigloea soleiformis</em> new to the north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory of Russia. <em>Hypogymnia physodes</em> is reported as a new host species for <em>Plectocarpon hypogymniae</em>.</p> Mikhail P. Zhurbenko Copyright (c) 2021-05-25 2021-05-25 58 XX XX New records of lichens and allied fungi from the Leningrad Region, Russia. XI <p>Twelve lichen species and two lichenicolous fungi, of them seven that belong to <em>Micarea prasina</em> group, are reported for the first time for St. Petersburg or the whole Leningrad Region. The lichenicolous fungus <em>Intralichen baccisporus</em> is new to Russia, and the lichen <em>Micarea nowakii</em> – for European Russia. A comparative table of characteristics for seven species of <em>Micarea prasina</em> group is presented.</p> Dmitry E. Himelbrant Irina S. Stepanchikova Sergey V. Chesnokov Liudmila A. Konoreva Agata A. Rodionova Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova Ulf Schiefelbein Copyright (c) 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 58 XX XX Two new synonyms of Pertusaria coccodes (Pertusariales, Ascomycota) <p><em>Pertusaria atropallida </em>and<em> P. uralensis</em> are found to represent synonyms of the lichenized fungus <em>P. coccodes</em>. Lectotypes are selected for <em>P. atropallida </em>and <em>P. uralensis</em>.</p> Magdalena Oset Copyright (c) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 58 XX XX First records of Sticta weigelii s.str. from Bolivia confirmed by molecular data <p>The first records of <em>Sticta weigelii</em> s.str. from Bolivia confirmed by molecular data are presented. The species is characterized by the presence of marginal isidia, which are darker than the thallus, usually cylindrical (not flattened), thin, dark brown to black lower tomentum and often partly yellow cyphellae. Previously, the presence of <em>S</em>. <em>weigelii</em> in Bolivia was based only on a morphological concept, encompassing various unrelated species, whereas the occurrence of <em>S. weigelii</em> s.str. was uncertain.</p> Emilia A. Ossowska Copyright (c) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 58 XX XX The lichens of Pukhtolova Gora (St. Petersburg, Russia) <p>The lichen diversity of the proposed protected area Pukhtolova Gora counts 252 species, including 232 lichenized, 12 lichenicolous, and 8 non-lichenized saprobic fungi. <em>Micarea laeta</em>, <em>M. pusilla</em>, and<em> Pyrenidium actinellum</em> s. lat. are new to North-Western European Russia; <em>Parmelia serrana</em>, <em>Rhizocarpon</em> <em>cinereovirens</em>, and <em>Stereocaulon</em> <em>taeniarum</em> are new to St. Petersburg. Altogether 13 species recorded in the study area are red-listed in St. Petersburg, with two of them known only from historical collections. Pukhtolova Gora is an area with a high conservation value; the lichen biota of this area is one of the richest within the city limits due to the well-preserved forest habitats.</p> Irina S Stepanchikova Dmitry E. Himelbrant Ekaterina S. Kuznetsova Sergey V. Chesnokov Liudmila A. Konoreva Viktoria V. Pankova Copyright (c) 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 58 XX XX Placolecis kashmirensis sp. nov. (Lichenized Ascomycota, Catillariaceae) from Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan <p><em>Placolecis kashmirensis </em>sp. nov. is described from Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. It is characterized by a yellowish-brown thallus, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid ascospores, a relatively taller hymenium and pear-shaped pycnidia. The generic position is confirmed by a phylogenetic analysis based on nrITS sequences. Description, a phylogenetic tree, and identification key for all the known <em>Placolecis</em> species are provided.</p> Robina Kousar Rizwana Zulfiqar Abdul Nasir Khalid Copyright (c) 2021-07-13 2021-07-13 58 XX XX Additions to the Estonian Bryoflora 2019-2021: Liverworts and Mosses <p>Six species and one subspecies new for Estonia have been found during recent fieldworks. In addition, three varieties from our bryoflora are now accepted as species and so the number of species in Estonian bryoflora is currently 611. Voucher specimens are selected for all new species reported here. Most of the species are included preliminarily into category Data Deficient (DD) according to IUCN structure. Besides this, updated proposals for threat categories are given for four noteworthy bryophytes, which localities were inspected in 2019-2020. Estonian names are given to all new species.</p> Kai Vellak Loore Ehrlich Mare Leis Tiiu Kupper Leiti Kannukene Nele Ingerpuu Copyright (c) 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 58 XX XX Crocodia Link. (Peltigeraceae, Lobarioideae) in northern Argentinean rainforests <p>A revision of the lichen genus <em>Crocodia </em>Link. in northern Argentinean rainforests is presented. Three species were identified for the region: <em>C. arvidssonii</em> (D.J. Galloway) D.J. Galloway &amp; Elix, <em>C. aurata</em> (Ach.) Link., and<em> C. clathrata </em>(De Not.) Trevis<em>.</em> The distribution range known for these species is extended: <em>C. arvidssonii </em>is recorded for the first time for the country; <em>C. aurata </em>for Corrientes, Misiones, and Salta provinces; and <em>C. clathrata </em>for Corrientes and Jujuy provinces. The morphology of each species is described and illustrated. A distribution map and a key to known species of the genus are also presented.</p> Mariá Pía Rodríguez Andrea Michlig Copyright (c) 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 58 XX XX The mycological collection of G. C. Girgensohn from the middle of the 19th century <p>Since 1844, vouchers of mycological specimens collected from the territory of the historic Baltic provinces of the Russian Empire have been preserved in Estonian natural history collections. A pedagogue and an amateur bryologist, Gustav Carl Girgensohn (1786–1872) compiled a collection of 109 specimens of fungi and myxomycetes sampled from the Livonian Governorate, mostly from the vicinity of Tartu, in years 1844–1859. Girgensohn’s collection, which is kept in the fungarium of the Estonian University of Life Sciences, is introduced here for the first time. Among his specimens there are two notable ascomycetes—coprophilous <em>Poronia punctata</em> (Xylariaceae, Sordariomycetes), recently evaluated in Estonia as Critically Endangered according to IUCN criteria, and <em>Microstoma protractum</em> (Sarcoscyphaceae, Pezizomycetes), recently evaluated as Endangered. The collection’s eleven quite well-preserved specimens of myxomycetes represent six species, the least common of which is <em>Diderma radiatum</em>. In addition, the article introduces nine lichen specimens and one fungal specimen from Girgensohn’s bryophyte collection at the Natural History Museum of the University of Tartu. The most remarkable species among this collection is <em>Lobaria pulmonaria </em>(Lobariaceae, Lecanoromycetes), red-listed and protected in many countries.</p> Kadri Pärtel Ave Suija Iryna Yatsiuk Copyright (c) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 58 XX XX New and rare lichens and allied fungi from Arkhangelsk Region, North-West Russia. II <p>Information about 38 species of lichens is presented. In total, 18 species are newly recorded for Arkhangelsk Region, 11 species are new for its mainland area. New localities for 9 rare species are presented. <em>Thalloidima physaroides</em> is new for the territory of Northwest Russia. The species<em> Sclerophora peronella</em> is reported for the second time in the whole territory of Russia, <em>Calicium pinicola </em><em>– </em>in European Russia and<em> Rhizocarpon simillimum</em> – in Northwest Russia. For <em>Vezdaea rheocarpa</em> and <em>Pilophorus robustus</em> the westernmost localities in Russia are reported. The new localities of 9 species included in the Red Data Book of Arkhangelsk Region are presented. Six species are added to the list of lichens of Vodlozersky National Park.</p> Viktoria N. Tarasova Vera I. Androsova Angella V. Sonina Copyright (c) 2021-09-01 2021-09-01 58 XX XX Lichens and allied fungi from the Gauja National Park (Latvia), including new records for the country <p>In summer and autumn 2020, a lichenological inventory took place in the Gauja National Park (Latvia, Northern Europe). In total, 60 species of lichenized fungi, six non-lichenized saprophytic fungi and three non-lichenized fungi are reported as new for Gauja National Park. Among them, ten species are new to Latvia. Data on habitats, substrates, main characteristics and distribution in the neighbouring countries to Latvia are provided. The total number of lichenized and closely related fungi for the Gauja National Park is 346.</p> Alexander Yatsyna Rolands Moisejevs Polina Degtjarenko Copyright (c) 2021-09-08 2021-09-08 58 XX XX