Objectified Values at Udmurt Prayers


  • Ranus Sadikov Rail Kuzeev Institute for Ethnological Studies, Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Tatiana Minniyakhmetova Independent Researcher


Udmurt, traditional religion, sacrifice, ritual objects, dishes, clothes, offerings


Ritual objects and belongings are still used today at Udmurt prayer rituals that have sacrifices. We would even go so far as to say that carrying out ceremonies without them is unthinkable. Depending on their function they can be defined in several groups: ritual utensils and dishes, ritual clothing, priestly attributes, sacrificial items, donation items/offerings. Currently, there is both the preservation of traditional items and the emergence of new ones to fulfil known ritual purposes. In some cases, when creating new items, one can discern the imitation of traditional forms and materials. The article examines the objects in connection with a definite ritual, looking at the essence of their utility and sacredness, their role in maintaining historical memory, and the composition and purpose of the ritual objects. The article then goes on to analyse the reasons for the modification of these objects.


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