Truthmakers (are Indexed Combinations)
Keywords:Bradley's regress, truthmakers, facts
My aim is to show that theories which try to construct truthmakers out of objects and properties/relations alone are not tenable: The Frege–Wittgenstein idea of incompleteness does not yield truthmakers. Armstrong’s theory of partial identity and the theory of moments, i.e., of non-transferable properties, yield truthmakers, but these theories have counter-intuitive consequences. I conclude that the notion of a truthmaker makes ontological demands beyond objects and properties/relations and propose that truthmakers are exemplification relations which are necessarily tied to objects and properties/relations.
Armstrong, D. (1997). A world of states of affairs, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Armstrong, D. (2004a). How do particulars stand to universals?, in D. W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Vol. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 139-154.
Armstrong, D. (2004b). Truth and truthmakers, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Dodd, J. (2000). An identity theory of truth, Macmillan Press, Basingstoke.
Frege, G. (1994). Über Begriff und Gegenstand, in G. Patzig (ed.), Gottlob Frege: Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, GÖttingen, pp. 66-80.
Freitag, W. (2005). The topology of formal philosophy, PhD thesis, University of Konstanz.
Horwich, P. (1998). Truth, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
Kripke, S. (1981). Naming and necessity, Blackwell, Oxford.
MacBride, F. (2005). The particular-universal distinction: A dogma of metaphysics?, Mind 114: 565-614.
Mulligan, K., Simons, P. and Smith, B. (1984). Truth-makers, Philosophyand Phenomenological Research 44: 287-321.
Rodriguez-Pereyra, G. (2005). Why truthmakers?, in H. B. J. Dodd (ed.), Truthmakers: The contemporary debate, Clarendon Press, pp. 17-31.
Strawson, P. F. (1959). Individuals: Anessay in descriptive metaphysics, Routledge, London, New York.
Valicella, W. F. (2000). Three conceptions of states of affairs, Nous 34: 237-259.
Wittgenstein, L. (1922). Tractatus logico-philosophicus, Routledge, London, New York.
Wittgenstein, L. (1973). Letters to Ogden, Blackwell, Oxford.