Relationships among repeated sprint tests and aerobic fitness in adolescent tennis players

Igal Tsiprun, Tamir Eisenstein, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet, Yoav Meckel

Abstract


The aim of this study was to determine the performance indices (ideal sprint time – IS, total sprint time – TS, and performance decrement – PD) of two repeated sprint test (RST) and to examine their relationships with the aerobic fitness of young tennis players. Fifteen young (age 14.7±1.0 yrs) tennis players performed three tests: an aerobic power test (20 m shuttle run), and two different RST protocols (12×20 m and 12×10 m runs). Peak heart rate was significantly higher in the 20 m protocol compared to the 10 m protocol while no significant difference was found in the PD of the two RST protocols. Significant positive correlations were found between the ISs and the TSs (r=0.946 and r=0.932, respectively), but not between the PDs of the two RST protocols. Significant negative correlations were found between TS and IS and aerobic fitness during the 10 m protocol (r=–0.594 and r=–0.595, respectively) and the 20 m protocol (r=–0.757 and r=–0.716, respectively), but not between PD and the aerobic fitness in both RST protocols. Both short and long RST protocols represent similar anaerobic capabilities. In addition, the aerobic energy system serves as a significant factor in both RST protocols. However, it seems that the involvement of the aerobic system is more significant in the long than in the short repetition RST protocol.

Keywords


repeated sprint test; tennis; aerobic; fitness; anaerobic fitness

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/akut.2013.19.03

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ISSN 1406-9822 (print)
ISSN 2228-3501 (online)
Journal DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12697/issn1406-9822