Compromiso ético, independencia intelectual y ayuda en momentos de crisis. España (1914–1939)
AbstractAbstract. Ethical Commitment, Intellectual Independence and Help in Times of Crisis. Spain (1914–1939). This article examines the relation between some Spanish intellectuals prominent in fields such as literature, philosophy, music or visual arts. The text analyzes how those bonds of friendship conditioned their professional careers and even their life in difficult times. In order to do that, I will follow the trajectory of Luis Bagaría, a caricaturist connected with almost all the protagonists of this article, which focuses, among other things, on the ideological independence of Miguel de Unamuno. The friendship of Manuel de Falla and Manuel Ángeles Ortiz, Federico García Lorca and Hermenegildo Lanz will also be examined. The text will also pay attention to how the musician intervened in order to prevent the killing of Lanz in Granada, something that did not work in the case of García Lorca. Moreover, I will develop the topic on the help of Picasso to many artists (among them Ángeles Ortiz) running away of the Spanish Civil War. Above all, this text will focus on the intellectual freedom and the ethical commitment of those, like Unamono and Falla, who were placed at a difficult position among the two sides confronted in this war.
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