Non-human Primates in Biomedical Research


  • J Hau Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen
  • S J Schapiro The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Bastrop, Texas



Although non-human primates (NHP) account for less than a fraction of one percent of all of the animals  used for biomedical research, their many similarities to humans make them vital, and presently irreplaceable,  models for humans for certain types of research (Hau et al., 2000). The most common areas of  research in which NHP are used include microbiology (including HIV/AIDS), neuroscience and biochemistry/  chemistry. Several of the Old World monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops, Macaca mulatta, M. fascicularis  and Papio spp.) are the most commonly used species for research (Carlsson et al., 2004). Based on  all articles published in 2001, it has recently been estimated that the global number of NHP used in  research, including those participating in more than one protocol, is in the vicinity of 100,000-200,000 animals  annually (Carlsson et al., 2004). The authors of the present paper were invited to give evidence to the  joint Academy of Medical Sciences/Medical Research Council/Royal Society/Wellcome Trust study into  the use of non-human primates in research, and this article is therefore addressed to the joint committee. 


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How to Cite

Hau, J., & Schapiro, S. J. (2006). Non-human Primates in Biomedical Research. Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Science, 33(1), 9–12.