Investigation of the Ultrastructural Changes and Hydroxyproline Levels in Mice Lungs Induced by Bleomycin Treatment
The present study was planned to investigate the ultrastructural changes and hydroxyproline level in the lungs of the mice induced by bleomycin treatment, Following 4 weeks of bleomyein treatment, the lungs were examined histologically (using light and electron microscopes) and the hydroxyproline level was measured at 4th, 6th, 8th, and 10th weeks of the experiment. Biochemical and structural changes that normally occur in lung fibrosis were also observed in our study, For example; lung hydroxyproline level increased progressively (p<0.05) and structural changes advanced to interstitial fibrosis from 4th to 10th weeks of the experiment Alveolar septum thickening, type II pneumoeytes increase and mononuclear cell infiltration (lymphocyte, monocyte and macrophage) were seen. In addition, membrane-bound rod-shaped amorphous structures in the cytoplasm of alveolar macrophages were increased significantly (p<0.05).
It is concluded that. bieomycin treatment may produce fibrosis due to increase in interstitial connective tissue, hydroxyprolinc level and the number of alveolar macrophages However, more studies are needed to demonstrate whether there is
a relationship between the increased membranebound rod shaped amorphous structures and the occurrence of fibrosis.