The <i>la</i>-form: Russian verbs in Nanai speech


  • Sofia Oskolskaya Institute for Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Natasha Stoynova Russian Language Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences



language contact, code-switching, endangered languages, borrowings, verbal morphology, Russian, Nanai, Tungusic languages


Nanai speakers who are fluent both in Nanai and Russian use verb forms with a Russian root and the suffix -la (called further “la-forms”) in their speech. The status of -la is under question: on the one hand, it resembles the Russian past tense form (-l), on the other hand, it can be interpreted as the Nanai derivational suffix -la/-, which is used in Standard Nanai for the verbalization of nouns. We argue that in modern Nanai this case turns out to be a complicated one, and that la-forms are maintained due to their links with both of these sources.


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How to Cite

Oskolskaya, S., & Stoynova, N. (2013). The <i>la</i>-form: Russian verbs in Nanai speech. Eesti Ja Soome-Ugri Keeleteaduse Ajakiri. Journal of Estonian and Finno-Ugric Linguistics, 4(2), 99–116.