Sotsiaalse ja kultuurilise kapitali ning koolikeskkonna mõju rändetaustaga laste akadeemilisele edukusele Iirimaal

  • Fran McGinnity
  • Aisling Murray
  • Merike Darmody
Märksõnad: rändetaustaga lapsed, akadeemiline edukus, põhikool, uuring

Kokkuvõte

Õppeedukus on üks peamistest näitajatest, mille põhjal ennustada edasist töist edu. Samas on varasemad uuringud näidanud, et paljudes riikides on rändetaustaga lastel keeruline saavutada emakeeles haridust omandavate eakaaslastega samaväärseid õpitulemusi. Hoolimata hariduspürgimustest võib rändetaustaga vanematel olla keeruline oma sotsiaalset ja kultuurilist kapitali konverteerida nii, et see toetaks nende laste saavutusi sihtriigis. Iirimaa on huvitav näide, sest selles riigis toimus mitmekesise taustaga sisserändajate (paljud neist eurooplased) laialdane ja kiire ühinemine koolisüsteemiga, kus õpivad valdavalt valged, iiri- ja ingliskeelsed katoliiklikest peredest pärit lapsed. Toetudes rändetaustaga laste ja noorte akadeemilist edukust käsitlevale ulatuslikule teaduskirjandusele, uuritakse siinses töös üheksa-aastaste rändetaustaga laste akadeemilist edukust uues sisseränderiigis vahetult pärast sisserände kõrghetke. Tulemused näitavad, et erinevalt paljudest vanadest sisserändajaid vastu võtvatest riikidest jäävad sisserändajate saavutused Iirimaal vaid veidi maha kohalike laste tasemest, kusjuures sotsiaalne ja kultuuriline kapital mõjutab oluliselt lugemisoskust inglise keeles, eriti Ida-Euroopa lastel, kelle puhul oli lõhe suurim. Hiljutiste rändetaustaga laste keelelise lõimumise mustrite adumine võib aidata meil mõista neid protsesse laste ja nende perekondade hilisema liikumise korral Euroopas.

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Avaldatud
2022-11-01
Kuis viidata
McGinnity, F., Murray, A., & Darmody, M. (2022). Sotsiaalse ja kultuurilise kapitali ning koolikeskkonna mõju rändetaustaga laste akadeemilisele edukusele Iirimaal. Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakiri. Estonian Journal of Education, 10(2), 106-128. https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2022.10.2.05a
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