Lapsevanemate hinnangud juhendamisstrateegiatele puutetundliku ekraani kasutamisel väikelapseeas

Elyna Nevski, Kristi Vinter

Abstract


Väikelaste kokkupuude puutetundlike ekraanidega algab juba imikueas ning esimese eluaasta jooksul saavad lastest regulaarsed meediatarbijad. Paraku ei ole ühest vastust, mil määral väikelapsed on suutelised puutetundliku ekraani vahendusel õppima ning kui palju nad vajavad selleks lapsevanema kaasabi. Kuna laste tehnoloogiakasutus on mõjutatud lapsevanemate uskumustest, on nende uurimine oluline. Uurimuse eesmärk on välja selgitada Eesti lapsevanemate arvamused puutetundlike seadmete kasutamise vajalikkuse kohta ning nende hinnangud juhendamisstrateegiatele nutiseadme kasutamisel väikelapseeas. Uuringust, milles osales 400 lapsevanemat, kellel on laps(i) vanuses 0–36 kuud, selgub, et peredes, kus vanemad seavad laste nutiseadmete kasutamisele nii aja- kui ka sisupiiranguid, kasutavad lapsed nutiseadmeid sagedamini kui peredes, kus piiranguid ei seata. Lapsevanemad näevad nutiseadme kasutamise eelisena seda, et laps õpib uusi oskusi, saab uusi teadmisi ning seade pakub lapsele meelelahutust. Nutiseadme võimaldamise peamine põhjus on vanemate võimalus teha samal ajal oma asjatoimetusi. 0–3aastaste laste vanemate seas pole aga välja kujunenud selgeid ja konkreetseid juhendamisstrateegiaid, pigem kasutavad vanemad nii aktiivse kui ka keelava juhendamise elemente korraga ja omavahel seotult. Tulemustest ilmneb, et puutetundliku ekraani kasutamise sagedus suureneb lapse vanuse kasvades. Samas ei mõjuta lapsevanemate haridustase nutiseadme kasutamise sagedust ega vanemlikke juhendamisstrateegiaid.

 Summary


Keywords


väikelaps, videodefitsiit, puutetundlikud ekraanid, juhendamisstrateegiad

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2015.3.2.03

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Journal DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12697/issn2346-562X

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