Essee kirjutamisest kirjanduse eriala kursusel: üliõpilaste arusaamad ja õppejõu tagasiside

  • Andrus Org

Teesid

Essee on oma olemuselt terviklik kirjatöö, arvamuse või suhtumise sügavuti väljendus mingil kindlal teemal. Kõrgkoolipedagoogikas on akadeemilist ehk Inglise stiilis esseed kasutatud enamasti individuaalse hindelise kirjutamisülesandena, mis võimaldab subjektiivseid vaatenurki siduda filosoofiliste või teaduslike seisukohtadega. Siinse artikli eesmärk on käsitleda akadeemilise essee kui arutleva tekstitüübi kirjutamisega seotud metodoloogilisi probleeme kirjutamisõpetuse vaatenurgast. Artikkel tugineb tegevusuuringule, mis hõlmab Tartu Ülikooli kultuuriteaduste instituudi eesti kirjanduse eriala bakalaureuseastme kursuse "Proosateksti analüüs" viimase nelja aasta arendustööd. Eri aastakäikude kursustelt kogutud andmete kvalitatiivsest analüüsist selgub, et peamised raskused essee kirjutamisel puudutavad mitmesuguseid tekstiloomeoskusi, nt sobiva analüüsitasandi ja -meetodi valimist, tervikteksti ülesehitust, lõigu struktuuri ja sidusust, argumentide sõnastust. Samas aitasid mitmed ainedidaktilised muudatused – individuaalne konsultatsioon, essee etapiviisiline kirjutamine, nii esma- kui ka lõppvariandi tagasisidestamine – esseede kvaliteeti ja lõpphinnet oluliselt parandada. Artiklis antakse mitmeid didaktilisi soovitusi ja jagatakse veendumust, et essee kirjutamist on võimalik alati tõhusamalt õpetada.

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Avaldatud
2019-11-01
Rubriik
Artiklid / Articles