Vanglakiusamise kirjeldav analüüs ühe Eesti meestevangla näitel

  • Kristi Kõiv
Keywords: kiusamine, täiskasvanud meessoost kinnipeetavad, enesekohane meetod, DIPC-R


Võitlus kiusamisega mistahes kontekstis (k.a vangla) saab alguse selle olemuse väljaselgitamisest. Selleks püstitati kaks eesmärki: 1) kirjeldada vanglakiusamise olemust ja ulatust, lähtudes kahest aspektist – teiste kinnipeetavate kiusamine ja kiusamise ohvriks langemine, ning 2) võrrelda kiusajate, ohvrite, kiusajate/ohvrite ja kiusamisega mitteseotud kinnipeetavate gruppide personaalseid ja käitumuslikke karakteristikuid ning reaktsioone kiusamisele ühe Eesti meestevangla näitel. Uuritavateks oli 110 täiskasvanud meessoost kinnipeetavat, kes täitsid enesekohase ankeedi DIPC-R (Ireland, 2002a), millega mõõdetakse vanglakiusamisele iseloomulikku käitumist. Tulemused näitavad, et selles kinnipidamisasutuses oli prevaleerivaks kiusamisliigiks kaudne kiusamine. Uuringust nähtub, et 77% uuritud kinnipeetavatest oli seotud kiusamisega kas kiusaja/ohvri (43%), ohvri (20%) või kiusaja (14%) staatuses, mis viitab vanglakiusamise laiaulatuslikkusele. Uurimisandmed võimaldavad võrrelda kiusamisega seotud uuritavate gruppide personaalseid ja käitumuslikke karakteristikuid ning reaktsioone kiusamisele, kõrvutades neid varasemate tulemustega samas valdkonnas.

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