Kaasavad haridusstrateegiad kaasava hariduse juhtriigis Uus-Meremaal

  • David Mitchell
Märksõnad: kaasav haridus, erivajadustega lapsed, diferentseeritud õpe, tasemerühmad, hariduskorraldus, hariduspoliitika


Since 1989, the New Zealand education system has undergone extensive reforms to become one of the most devolved systems in the world. The article analyses the extent to which the educational situation in New Zealand complies with the ten features of inclusive education: vision, placement, curriculum, assessment, teaching, acceptance, access, support, resources, and leadership. This paper will briefly explain these features and illustrate them with references to the situation in New Zealand and, finally, come to the conclusion that with all of these criteria New Zealand performs at a high level.


Andmeid allalaadimiseks pole.


Alton-Lee, A. (2003). Quality teaching for diverse students in schooling: Best evidence synthesis iteration (BES). Wellington: Ministry of Education. Retrieved from https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/7705/BES-quality-teaching-diverse-students.pdf.

Carrington, S., Bourke, R., & Dharan, V. (2012). Using the Index for Inclusion to develop inclusive school communities. In S. Carrington & J. MacArthur (Eds.), Teaching in inclusive school communities (pp. 343–364). Milton: Wiley.

CIA (2015). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/.

Education Review Office (2010). Including students with high needs. Wellington. Retrieved from http://www.ero.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Including-Students-with-High-Needs-2010-pdf-with-cover.pdf.

Education Review Office (2015). Inclusive practices for students with special needs in schools. Wellington. Retrieved from http://www.ero.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Inclusive-practices-for-students-with-special-needs-in-schools.pdf.

Ministry of Education (2007). The New Zealand Curriculum. Wellington. Retrieved from http://nzcurriculum.tki.org.nz/content/download/1108/11989/file/The-New-Zealand-Curriculum.pdf.

Ministry of Education (2009). The national education goals. Wellington.

Ministry of Education (2010a). Review of Special Education 2010 discussion document. Retrieved from http://workbridgeincorporated.virtuozzo.co.nz/OtherDocuments/ReviewOfSpecialEducation_17Mar10.doc.

Ministry of Education (2010b). Through different eyes. Wellington. Retrieved from http://www.throughdifferenteyes.org.nz/.

Ministry of Education (2010c). Success for all - every school, every child: Building an inclusive education system. Wellington. Retrieved from http://www.education.govt.nz/assets/Documents/School/Inclusive-education/SuccessForAllEnglish.pdf.

Ministry of Education (2015). Education counts. Retrieved from https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/data-services/data-collections/national/boards_of_trustees.

Ministry of Education (nd). BES (Iterative Best Evidence Synthesis) Programme - What works evidence. Retrieved from https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/topics/BES.

Ministry of Education, Eligibility Unit (2004). The Ongoing and Reviewable Resourcing Schemes guidelines. Wellington.

Mitchell, D. (2014). What really works in special and inclusive education (2nd ed.). Abingdon: Routledge.

Mitchell, D. (2015). Inclusive education is a multi-faceted concept. Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 5(1), 9–30.

New Zealand Qualifications Authority (nd). Special assessment conditions. Wellington: David Mitchell. Retrieved from http://www.nzqa.govt.nz/providers-partners/assessment-and-moderation/managing-national-assessment-in-schools/special-assessment-conditions/.

Standards New Zealand (2001). Design for access and mobility - Buildings and associated facilities. Retrieved from http://www.standards.co.nz/assets/Publication-files/NZS4121-2001.pdf.

U.S. Department of Education (2003). Title I – Improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged. Final Rule, 68 Federal Registry 236.

ÜRO (2008). Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. New York. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml.

Kuis viidata
Mitchell, D. (2016). Kaasavad haridusstrateegiad kaasava hariduse juhtriigis Uus-Meremaal. Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakiri. Estonian Journal of Education, 4(2), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2016.4.2.02a