Õpetaja tegevus tunnis: õpilaste hinnangud ja nende kooskõla õpetajate arusaamadega

Anne Okas, Marieke van der Schaaf, Edgar Krull

Abstract


Tutvustatav uurimus on osa mahukamast õpetaja professionaalsuse avaldumist käsitlevast uurimistööst. Selle eesmärk on selgitada välja, millisena tajuvad õpilased õpetaja tegevust tunnis, sealhulgas millised on erinevused hinnangutes algajatele ja kogenud õpetajatele, ning kõrvutada neid hinnanguid õpetajate endi kujutlustega õpetamisest. Uuringus osales 314 põhikooliõpilast (6.–9. klass) ja nende 20 õpetajat, kellest kümme olid algajad ja kümme kogenud õpetajad. Õpilaste hinnangud õpetajate õpetamisviiside kohta selgitati välja küsitlusega. Selles hindasid õpilased õppimistingimuste loomist, tunnieesmärkide selgust, tunni ülesannete sisu selgust ja raskusastet, õpetaja juhendamist, kontrollimist, hoolivust ja entusiasmi. Õpilaste hinnanguid võrreldi andmetega, mis on esitatud õpetajate reflekteerivates kirjutistes nende õpetamismeisterlikkuse kohta, samuti ainetunni kommentaaridega. Uurimistulemustest ilmnes, et õpilaste antud hinnangud õpetajate tegevusviisidele seostuvad õpetaja töökogemusega. Õpetajate endi kirjutistest ja intervjuudest ning õpilaste hinnangutest selgus, et algajate õpetajate raskusi tunni läbiviimisel märkavad ka nende õpilased. Õpilaste keskmised hinnangud kogenud õpetajate õpetamistegevuste kvaliteedile olid alati kõrgemad algajate õpetajate õpetamistegevusele antavatest hinnangutest.

 Summary


Keywords


õpilashinnangud, õpetaja tegevusviisid, õpetaja professionaalsus, algajad õpetajad, kogenud õpetajad

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References


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