Pikiuuring õpetajaks õppijate professionaalse identiteedi kujunemisest

Katrin Poom-Valickis, Erika Löfström

Abstract


Artiklis antakse ülevaade viieaastase pikiuuringu tulemustest, keskendudes uuringus osalenud üliõpilastega õpetajakoolituse lõpus tehtud intervjuudele (N = 13). Artiklis otsitakse vastust küsimustele, kuidas õpetajakoolituse lõpetanud tudengid interpreteerivad enda õpetaja identiteedi kujunemist õpingute kaudu; milline on see õpetaja identiteet, mille poole soovitakse püüelda, lähtudes õpetaja ideaalist; ning millised on need põhitegurid, mis on mõjutanud tulevase õpetaja arusaamu õpingute käigus. Mittestruktureeritud intervjuus kasutati taustinfona ja intervjueeritavate mälutugedena nende poolt kolmel õpinguaastal kirja pandud metafoore õpetaja rolli kohta ning küsimustiku abil kogutud infot. Intervjuudest ja varasematest küsitlustest saadud info kõrvutamine ning analüüs võimaldavad paremini mõista aspekte, mis mõjutavad tulevaste õpetajate professionaalse identiteedi kujunemist. Tulemuste põhjal võib öelda, et õpetajakoolitust alustatakse naiivse ettekujutusega õpetaja tööst, lähtudes isiklikust varasemast koolikogemusest. Aine- ja klassiõpetajad väärtustavad õpetaja ideaali kirjeldamisel eri aspekte. Arusaamad õpetaja tööst ja rollist muutuvad õpingute jooksul komplekssemaks, õpetajakoolituse lõpus väärtustatakse enim pedagoogilist asjatundlikkust. Kõige tugevamalt mõjutab tulevase õpetaja arusaamu aga pedagoogiline praktika. Uurimuse tulemused võimaldavad paremini mõista algajate õpetajate arengut õpingute jooksul ning annavad viiteid õpetajate koolitajatele, kuidas tõhusamalt toetada professionaalse identiteedi kujunemist kui üht olulist aspekti õpetajahariduse omandamisel.

Summary


Keywords


õpetajakoolitus, identiteet, professionaalne identiteet

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2014.2.1.10

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