Õpetajakoolituse üliõpilaste teadmiste, arusaamade, emotsioonide ja kogemuste avaldumine erivajadusi käsitlevates esseedes

Krista Uibu, Helin Puksand

Abstract


Kaasava hariduse põhimõtte järgi on oluline, et õpetaja märkaks õpetamisel laste hariduslikke erivajadusi ja varieeriks nende järgi õpetamist. See, kuivõrd on õpetaja valmis õpetama erivajadusega õpilast, sõltub muu hulgas tema teadmistest, arusaamadest ja kokkupuutest erivajadusega. Artikli eesmärk on välja selgitada, kuidas õpetajakoolituse üliõpilased kirjeldavad oma teadmisi, arusaamu, emotsioone ja kogemusi seoses erivajadustega. Valimisse kuuluvad kahe ülikooli 218 üliõpilast, kes lugesid erivajadusi käsitlevaid raamatuid ja kirjutasid selle põhjal temaatilise essee. Esseede analüüsimisel kombineeritakse induktiivset sisuanalüüsi ja konfiguratsioonilist sagedusanalüüsi. Rühma keskmiste tulemuste tasandil ilmneb, et üliõpilased kirjeldavad intellekti- ja liikumispuudeid mitmekesiselt, seevastu omi kogemusi käitumishäirete ja düsleksiaga väljendavad nad ühekülgsemalt. Indiviiditasandi analüüsidest nähtub, et liikumispuude mitmekülgsem kirjeldus võib tuleneda üliõpilaste kogemusest selle erivajadusega. Uurimistulemustest selgub ka, et oodatust rohkem on neid üliõpilasi, kes kirjeldavad ühelaadselt autismiga seotud emotsioone. Et kaasava hariduse idee rakenduks kooliharidussüsteemis, on oluline kujundada tulevaste õpetajate arusaamu, pöörates õpetajakoolituses sellele varasemast suuremat tähelepanu.

 Summary


Keywords


õpetajakoolitus, erivajadused, arusaamad, kogemused, temaatiline essee

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2017.5.2.08

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