Eesti keele ja matemaatika õppevara valiku põhimõtted ja eesmärgid lasteaia- ja klassiõpetajate hinnangul

  • Merle Taimalu
  • Krista Uibu
  • Heily Leola

Kokkuvõte

Kvaliteetne õppevara on abivahend, mis on õpetajale toeks laste arengu eesmärgipärasel suunamisel. Uurimuse eesmärk oli välja selgitada, millisena hindavad Eesti lasteaia- ja klassiõpetajad oma võimalusi otsustada eesti keele ja matemaatika õppevara valiku üle, millistest põhimõtetest nad lähtuvad ja milliste eesmärkide täitmist õppevara puhul oluliseks peavad. Erinevuste väljaselgitamiseks lasteaia- ja klassiõpetajate hinnangute vahel küsitleti 64 lasteaiaõpetajat ja 47 klassiõpetajat, kasutades valikvastuste ja avatud küsimustega ankeeti. Õppevara valiku põhimõtteid analüüsides eristus neli peakategooriat: vastavus õppekavale, sisu ja ülesannete mitmekesisus, sisu ja ülesannete selgus ja arusaadavus, välised tegurid. Õppevara eesmärkidest tõid õpetajad kõige sagedamini välja, et heal tasemel õppevara peaks toetama laste kognitiivsete oskuste kujundamist. Samuti selgus, et võrreldes klassiõpetajatega saavad lasteaiaõpetajad rohkem ise otsustada, millist õppevara eesti keele või matemaatika õpetamisel kasutada. Teadvustades, millistest põhimõtetest õppevara valikul lähtuda ja milliseid eesmärke heal tasemel õppevara täidab, saab õpetaja teha otsuseid, mis toetavad mitmekülgselt lapse arengut.

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Avaldatud
2020-11-01
Kuis viidata
Taimalu, M., Uibu, K., & Leola, H. (2020). Eesti keele ja matemaatika õppevara valiku põhimõtted ja eesmärgid lasteaia- ja klassiõpetajate hinnangul. Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakiri. Estonian Journal of Education, 8(2), 164-191. https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2020.8.2.07
Rubriik
Artiklid / Articles