Klassiõpetajate keele- ja suhtluseeskuju hindamine emakeeletunnis struktureeritud vaatluse teel

Krista Uibu, Marika Padrik, Silvi Tenjes

Abstract


Õpetaja keele- ja suhtluseeskuju mõjutab oluliselt õppeprotsessi kvaliteeti. See realiseerub harjumuspärase tunnisuhtlusstiilina, mis hõlmab nii mitteverbaalse kui ka verbaalse suhtluse komponente: õpetaja ja õpilaste tegevuste kommenteerimist, õpilaste vastuste kordamist ja laiendamist, küsimuste valikut ning keelekasutuse raskusastme varieerimist. Uurimuse eesmärk on hinnata struktureeritud vaatluse teel klassiõpetajate (N = 46) suhtlusstiile ja nende seoseid õpilaste (N = 611) emakeeleoskustega 3. klassis. Rühma- ja indiviidikesksete analüüside ning multimodaalse videoanalüüsi põhjal ilmneb neli suhtlusprofiili, mis eristuvad verbaalse ja mitteverbaalse suhtluse komponentide kasutuse poolest. Kõige vähem kasutavad õpetajad emakeeletunnis enda ja õpilaste tegevuste kommenteerimist ning kõige rohkem õpilaste vastuste kordamist ja täiendamist. Uurimistulemustest selgub, et õpetajatel, kelle suhtlusstiil sai kõrge hinnangu, on oodatust rohkem emakeeletestis kehvema tulemuse saavutanud õpilasi.

 Summary


Keywords


tunnisuhtlusstiil, suhtlusprofiil, klassiõpetaja, struktureeritud vaatlus

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2016.4.1.08

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