Õpetajakoolituse praktikantide ja kutseaastal olevate õpetajate kutsevalikut mõjutavad motivatsioonitegurid

Olivia Voltri, Piret Luik, Merle Taimalu

Abstract


Käesoleva uurimuse eesmärk on võrrelda õpetajakoolituse praktikantide ja kutseaastal olevate õpetajate kutsevalikut mõjutavaid motivatsioonitegureid. Kahel aastal (2010, 2012) korraldati uuring, kus kasutati adapteeritud FIT-Choice’i skaala varianti. Uuringus osales 396 vastajat Tartu ja Tallinna Ülikoolist (neist 189 õpetajakoolituse praktikanti, 207 kutseaastal olevat õpetajat).

Uuriva faktoranalüüsi tulemusena eristus nii õpetajakoolituse praktikantide kui ka kutseaastal olevate õpetajate kutsevaliku motiivide puhul viiefaktoriline struktuur ning kutsevalikuga rahulolu ja õpetajatööst ettekujutuse puhul kolmefaktoriline struktuur. Võrreldes õpetajakoolituse praktikantide ja kutseaastal olevate õpetajate kutsevaliku motiive t-testi alusel, leiti, et kutseaastal olevad õpetajad andsid faktoritele Sisemine motivatsioon ja tajutud õpetamisoskused ning Väline motivatsioon ja töö sobivus eraeluga oluliselt kõrgemad hinnangud kui õpetajakoolituse praktikandid. Mõlemad grupid olid kõige kõrgema hinnangu andnud faktorile Sisemine motivatsioon ja tajutud õpetamisoskused ning kõige madalama faktorile Oluliste inimeste mõju. Lisaks andsid kutseaastal olevad õpetajad faktorile Rahulolu kutsevalikuga oluliselt kõrgema hinnangu kui õpetajakoolituse praktikandid. Kahe grupi vahel ilmnesid erinevused ka kutsevalikuga rahulolu ja õpetajatööst ettekujutuse alaploki põhitegurites.

Summary


Keywords


õpetajate kutsevalik, motivatsioonitegurid, FIT-Choice, kutseaasta ja õpetajakoolituse praktika, põhjuslik-võrdlev uurimus

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2013.1.06

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